Life cycle strategies in two Antarctic Collembola

first_img1.Populations of two coexisting Antarctic Collembola were studied in the field and under constant conditions in the laboratory to determine their life cycles and to compare their energy utilisation. 2.In the field Parisotoma octooculata completes three to four moults during summer, overwintering either in the egg stage or in the fourth or fifth instars. Maturity is reached in the second year, with synchronous oviposition and hatching. Cryptopygus antarcticus has many overlapping generations, maturity is achieved in the third year and oviposition and hatching take place throughout the year. 3.In the laboratory P. octooculata has a faster rate of growth than C. antarcticus under constant conditions of temperature and humidity. Analysis of gut contents showed that the two species overlapped in their food range; the faster growth of P. octooculata being achieved by a faster consumption rate, since the two species had similar assimilation and production efficiencies. 4.The slower growth rate of C. antarcticus may not result from limited food availability, but from a better life cycle strategy for unpredictable environmental conditions. P. octooculata, which shows features more characteristic of temperate Collembola, may be a more recent Antarctic colonist.last_img read more


first_imgIt didn’t take long to notice that the Germans have no equivalent of the verb “to facebook”.So I thought I’d coin one. “Facebookieren.”It uses the conventional German trick of adding “-ieren” to pretty much any foreign word (cf. “abandonnieren”, “kommandieren”, “absorbieren”) to make it from a noun into a verb Germanise it (or should that be “germanisieren” it). So far I’ve only succeeding in getting one other person to start using this word. Hopefully my success will improve.Does anyone have any further suggestions for some new German coinages?last_img

YOLO, vom and human bean make it into the Oxford English Dictionary

first_imgMoobs, YOLO and Vom are among hundreds of words newly added to the Oxford English Dictionary (OED).Moobs is used to describe prominent breasts on a man, whilst YOLO is an acronym for you only live once and vom a colloquialism for the word vomit.Other words added or updated include cheeseball, clickbait, gender-fluid, yogalates, fuhgeddaboutit and Westminster bubble.FOMO, meaning fear of missing out and deffo, meaning definitely, also made the cut.There are several new entries related to Roald Dahl to coincide with the celebration of his 100th birthday and the publication of the Oxford Roald Dahl Dictionary.These include Oompa Loompa, scrumdiddlyumptious, witching hour, human bean and golden ticket.The chief editor of the OED, Michael Proffitt, told BBC News, “The inclusions reflect both his influence as an author and his vivid and distinctive style. For many children, Roald Dahl’s work is not only one of their first experiences of reading, but also their earliest exposure to the creative power of language.”New words and phrases are typically added to the dictionary when editors have found enough evidence to demonstrate their continued historical use.The dictionary is a guide to the history, meaning and pronunciation of almost 830,000 words, senses and compounds from across the English-speaking world.It is different to the online Oxford dictionary, which has a lower threshold for accepting new entries and lists current definitions of English words.last_img read more

Real Good MD steps down

first_imgThe Real Good Food Company said it is “confident current market expectations will be met”, as MD John Gibson stepped down.Stephen Heslop, MD of its bakery and baking ingredients divisions, assumed executive responsibilities for the group upon Gibson’s departure on 11 July.A pre-close statement said that sales in the bakery ingredients division had been slow. But the company is confident Renshaw will recover the shortfall.In the bakery division, sales volumes are ahead of last year. These include Hayden’s Bakeries and Seriously Scrumptious.last_img

Steady as she goes

first_imgBritish Baker launched its league table of the UK’s bakery, café and takeaway outlets in 2007. Since then, the big question on everyone’s lips has been how long can Greggs, at number one, keep Subway at bay?For Subway has been haring along, adding franchise outlets, 240 in 2007 for example, while Greggs has grown at a more sedate rate, adding 50 or so outlets a year.Subway was only 10 outlets behind Greggs at the end of 2009. But half way through 2010, the league table shows Greggs still sitting pretty at number one, with Subway adding only one outlet in the course of 2010 so far. A Subway statement says: “This year the Subway chain’s main focus has been to create an even better experience for our customers in order to drive sales and strengthen the existing franchises.” It does not have any current estimates for store openings this year, it adds, although there is a “strong pipeline of potential franchisees”.Subway may be pausing for breath, but the rest of the businesses in the Top 10 of the BB75 league table of bakery and café retailers are pushing ahead, despite the economic downturn. A half-year update to 1 July 2010, looking at the Top 10 of the list the corporate end of the market sees a very similar order to the names as at the start of the year.Greggs continues to make steady progress. Chief executive Ken McMeikan comments: “Our plans to open more than 600 new shops across the UK in the coming years have progressed well in the first half. As well as traditional high street locations, we are opening more shops in locations where customers work and travel, such as industrial estates, airports, railway stations and bus terminals.”Greggs perhaps needs to start looking at Costa in third position as its new bête noire. The Whitbread-owned coffee chain has added 72 shops to its port-folio in the course of six months, with another 58 openings planned in the UK this year. This growth includes adding stores in retail outlets, such as its partnership with Tesco, as well as hospitals and universities.Costa, of course, already has an arch-enemy in Starbucks, with Caffè Nero its other main competitor. The rivalry between these three café chains led to a public skirmish recently, when Starbucks complained to the Advertising Standards Authority about a Costa campaign. This boasted ’Starbucks drinkers prefer Costa’ and ’Seven out of 10 coffee lovers prefer Costa’. Last month the Advertising Standards Authority upheld Costa’s claims, ruling that they were based on independent blind-tasting tests.However, not such good news for Costa is the fact that Starbucks seems to be putting its problems of last year behind it. It says it has had a good year so far in the UK “as customers respond to the many changes made to the business”. The firm added a net seven outlets in the first six months of the year, closing down a number of sites. Some 17 new Starbucks stores opened at Welcome Break in the first half to the start of July. By this month the total is 34.Yet 2010 may also be remembered as the year the coffee brands turned bashful. The giants of the sector have been falling over themselves to unveil formats where branding is played down. Starbucks, which has 17,000-plus outlets in 49 countries worldwide, combed the local salvage yards to fit out its new retro concept café in Edinburgh. This is one of a series of trial shops around the world; the first one in the UK opened in London’s Conduit Street at the end of 2009.The makeovers are part of a bid to make sure that no two Starbucks are the same, it says. The site is decorated using locally sourced and recycled materials, including reclaimed vintage floor tiles and items from Edinburgh antique shops and salvage yards. It includes a library area with books from the local Oxfam and Barnardo’s shops. The Edinburgh store, one of around 50 Starbucks coffee houses across Scotland, forms part of a £24m project to refurbish around 100 Starbucks stores across the UK by the end of September 2010 (a fifth of those in Scotland).Costa, which has now racked up nearly 600 international outlets, plus its 1,106 in the UK, also recently unveiled a new ’Metropolitan’ format. This outlet went on trial in London’s Great Portland Street in July. The format has what is described by Costa as “a toned-down reference to the established Costa brand”. “This together with radically new furniture, sophisticated and quirky feature lights and bold artwork conveys a feeling of uniqueness,” it says.In early autumn, it will overhaul a store in the City of London, which sees a high volume of takeaway sales. Using the ’Metro-politan’ concept, the design and layout will aim to increase speed of service for customers.Caffè Nero, meanwhile, has opened 40 outlets in the UK so far this year, bringing its total up to 440. It also has 14 in Turkey and 12 in the UAE. Director Paul Ettinger says it plans to open another 45 over the rest of 2010. Trading so far this year has been positive, with like-for-like sales growth in excess of 2%.He comments: “Costa is our key competitor as an Italian coffee house. It is on a very fast track in terms of percentage growth. The market is very stable, the laws of economics state that there is room for three strong competitors and it is incredibly difficult for others to break in.”An updated design has been launched in two locations in London. Caffè Nero’s new design also plays down the branding, with new design, materials colours, furniture and flooring used, says Ettinger. “We felt it was time to experiment a bit more.”It’s a satisfactory situation, particularly in a recession. M&S Café and BP Wild Bean Café are also pressing ahead with growth plans, as is Pret A Manger. Meanwhile, Sayers the Bakers, which has had its share of financial worries in the last few years, is holding its own at number 10, on 150 outlets.But no-one in the sector has any reason for complacency. Competition from new markets the likes of McDonald’s and pub chain Wetherspoons for example is hotting up, as they step into traditional bakery territory. Wetherspoons, for example, now sells hot drinks, biscuits and flapjacks, as well as a range of sandwiches and paninis. It recently launched a 49p coffee and announced plans to target the breakfast market. Rank Name Outlets January 2010 Outlets July 2010 1Greggs1,4191,4372Subway1,4091,4103Costa1,0341,1064Starbucks Coffee Company6816886Caffè Nero4004405SSP UK4324307BP Wild Bean Café2782868M&S Café 2772839Pret A Manger20520910Sayers the Bakers15015011Coffee Republic13214812EAT10210313BB’s Coffee & Muffins 5010014Coopland & Son (Scarborough) Ltd839815Cooplands (Doncaster) Ltd7586last_img read more

American Psycho Lands Broadway Home

first_img American Psycho Related Shows Star Files Show Closed This production ended its run on June 5, 2016 View Comments Benjamin Walker We now know where Benjamin Walker will be making his killer moves in the eagerly anticipated American Psycho. Directed by Rupert Goold, the new musical is scheduled to begin previews later than previously announced, on March 26, 2016, instead of February 19, at the Gerald Schoenfeld Theatre. Opening night has not yet been set, although it will need to be before April 26 to make the production eligible for the 2016 Tony Awards. Further casting will be announced later.American Psycho features music and lyrics by Tony and Grammy winner Duncan Sheik and a book by Roberto Aguirre-Sacasa. Based on the novel by Bret Easton Ellis, the tuner follows 26-year-old Patrick Bateman (Walker): a sophisticated, rich and devastatingly handsome Wall Street banker in 1980s New York City. He’s got a sculpted body, a model-gorgeous girlfriend and a to-die-for apartment. There’s just one snag: Patrick can’t get the blood out of his $5000 suits, because he also has a murderous, psychopathic alter ego that he hides from his friends and co-workers. The novel was adopted into an acclaimed film in 2000 starring Christian Bale and Reese Witherspoon.The show premiered at London’s Almeida Theatre in December 2013 and had been set to make its U.S. premiere at Second Stage off-Broadway in February 2015.last_img read more

Outdoor watering

first_imgBy Dan RahnUniversity of GeorgiaThe director of the Georgia Environmental Protection Division has declared a level two drought response statewide, permitting outdoor watering only in the morning on designated days.”Every area of Georgia has been in a persistent and progressive drought condition since last June,” said EPD Director Carol Couch in an official release. “It’s important that we take steps now to prepare for the warm, typically dry summer.”In a level two drought response, outdoor watering is allowed only from midnight to 10 a.m. on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sundays at odd-number addresses and Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays at even-numbered and unnumbered addresses.Watering outdoors isn’t allowed on Fridays. There are exemptions, though, for newly planted turfgrass and other plants and for commercial users.The decision came after a meeting of the state drought response committee. State climatologist David Stooksbury, who consults with Couch and the committee, said earlier in the week that much of Georgia is in moderate to severe drought.Too dry too earlyBut the biggest problem, he said, is that it’s usually not dry at all at this point in the year. “We’re in worse shape now than we were in last June,” he said. “March was very dry, and it’s historically a very wet month in Georgia.”As the weather warms in the summer, the demand on water generally increases.Georgia has been in a level one drought response all year, with watering allowed only from midnight to 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. to midnight on designated days.There are four levels of drought responses, Stooksbury said. At level three, outdoor watering is allowed only on either Saturday or Sunday. At level four, no outdoor watering is allowed.”Levels one and two are convenience, awareness and efficiency levels,” he said. “At levels three and four, we’d be looking at economic impacts.”Best timesThe best thing about the outdoor watering schedule at level two, Stooksbury said, is that the hours allowed are the very best times to water anyway.”That’s when you have the least evaporative losses,” he said, “and when plants stay wet for the shortest time.” When plants are wet, he said, they’re most susceptible to diseases.”Just because you’re allowed to water on a given day, though, doesn’t mean should water. “Ironically, many plants die from overwatering during drought,” Stooksbury said.For advice on the proper care of lawns, landscapes and gardens during droughts, he said, visit the official state drought Web site at Rahn is a news editor with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.)last_img read more

PREMIUMIn 2020, mixed-nationality families more eager to push for dual citizenship

first_imgForgot Password ? LOG INDon’t have an account? Register here Linkedin Google Facebook #CitizenshipLaw #citizenship #Indonesia #lawmaker #HouseOfRepresentatives #DualCitizenship dual-citizenship citizenship-law citizenship house-of-representatives Mixed-nationality families under the Aliansi Pelangi Antar Bangsa (APAB) aim to be more assertive this year in pushing the House of Representatives to revise the 2006 Citizenship Law and list it in next year’s National Legislation Program (Prolegnas), so that members of mixed families can obtain dual nationality.APAB head Nia Schumacher said the urge to push for a revision was based on the House’s decision to incorporate the amendment of Citizenship Law in its 2020-2024 Prolegnas during the House’s plenary session on Dec. 17, 2019, along with another 247 bills on the list.She also urged the House to expedite the deliberation of the bill as there had been no significant progress by lawmakers in following up on the call for dual citizenship, which the organization had demanded since 2002.To persuade lawmakers to finally revise the law next year, the organizati… Log in with your social account Topics :last_img read more

​Icelandic scheme plans alternatives move

first_imgThese investments would be made via funds rather than directly, he said, and Frjálsi plans to pick the external managers to provide this exposure.
The fund envisages achieving an allocation of 3-4% to this asset category in three years’ time, he said, as the category would take some time to build up.
Frjálsi has been growing fast due to solid inflow and sound returns in the last few years, and currently has total assets of around ISK285bn (€2bn), he said.Iceland’s economic collapse of 2007/8 put a stop to the process of geographical asset diversification that the country’s pension funds had been engaged in, because capital controls were abruptly imposed and restricted foreign investment other than reinvestments.But with the gradual relaxation of these limits in the last few years, the funds are now making up for lost time, working to raise their allocations to foreign assets.
However, up to now, including alternatives has been difficult for funds with similar structures to Frjálsi, Waagfjörð explained.
In 2009, legal changes opened up the possibility for pension scheme members to get early redemptions to their individual defined contribution pensions (IDC), which in turn meant Frjálsi had to have a high level of liquidity in its investment portfolios.
“Also, at that point in time the fund members were understandably quite risk averse, and many moved their IDC from a more risky path, where the nature of assets tend to be less liquid, to a more risk-averse path,” he said.
With capital controls now lifted, and the possibility of an early redemption gone, the situation is more stable and the fund has seen it as appropriate to diversify further and build up an exposure to foreign alternatives, he said.Looking ahead, the ratio of fixed income, other than government bonds, will continue to increase within Frjálsi’s portfolios, as has been the trend of recent years.
Under current market conditions, the pension fund said treasury bonds would not necessarily yield enough to meet future disbursements of collective defined contribution pensions.
“As in previous years, the weight of domestic bonds other than government bonds has, therefore, increased in the fund’s investment policy for 2020,” said Waagfjörð.Meanwhile, Iceland’s Financial Supervisory Authority (FSA) reported earlier in December that the country’s pension savings grew to just over ISK5trn (€36bn) at the end of the third quarter.The data on total assets of the country’s pension insurance and private pension savings published by the regulator showed that pension funds’ foreign assets stood at around ISK1.43trn on 30 September, up 4.3% or ISK59bn from the end of the second quarter.These foreign assets accounted for 33% of total assets, the FSA said, stating in its report that this proportion had never been greater. Icelandic pension fund Frjálsi is now increasing its allocation to foreign alternative investments in its investment policy, in the latest phase of its drive to boost its allocation to foreign assets.
In the Reykjavik-based fund’s newly-published investment policy for 2020, the fund said it plans to continue the ongoing development of the last few years, and increase the diversification of its foreign portfolio further.
“In addition to investments in foreign equities and bonds, alternative foreign investments are now on the list,” Hjörleifur Waagfjörð, head of Arion Bank´s institutional asset management, told IPE.
He said that for Frjálsi, alternative asset classes now being considered include real estate, private equity, private credit, infrastructure and commodities, which would together make up a new asset category for the fund.
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Three houses in a row on Macnamara St, Manunda for sale

first_imgRemax Cairns Principal Tony Williamson is selling three houses side by side on Macnamara Street, Manunda, for under $1 million. PICTURE: BRENDAN RADKEA LEADING Cairns real estate agent has warned those in the market for a property should buy now or be prepared to fork out higher prices in coming months.With three properties in a row for sale on Macnamara St, Manunda, for less than one Sydney home, Re/Max Cairns principal Tony Williamson said he could not understand why everyone in the country wasn’t looking at the region’s real estate market. MORE: First look inside Crystalbrook Collection’s Bailey hotel Desperate parents launch bid to save childcare centre Video Player is loading.Play VideoPlayNext playlist itemMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 2:12Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -2:12 Playback Rate1xChaptersChaptersDescriptionsdescriptions off, selectedCaptionscaptions settings, opens captions settings dialogcaptions off, selectedQuality Levels720p720pHD540p540p360p360p270p270pAutoA, selectedAudio Tracken (Main), selectedFullscreenThis is a modal window.Beginning of dialog window. Escape will cancel and close the window.TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaqueFont Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400%Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadowFont FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall CapsReset restore all settings to the default valuesDoneClose Modal DialogEnd of dialog window.This is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.Close Modal DialogThis is a modal window. This modal can be closed by pressing the Escape key or activating the close button.PlayMuteCurrent Time 0:00/Duration 0:00Loaded: 0%Stream Type LIVESeek to live, currently playing liveLIVERemaining Time -0:00 Playback Rate1xFullscreenWhen is the best time to sell or buy? Property cycles explained02:13center_img “We have got the best market, the lowest interest rates at the moment, so why isn’t everyone buying property?” he said. “We’re selling at 2004 prices — that’s pre-Facebook prices, so everyone needs to get off Facebook and get in the market.“You can buy cheaper than you can rent at the moment and I’d encourage everyone to take advantage of the property wave that is coming. The three houses side by side on Macnamara Street, Manunda, for under $1 million. PICTURE: BRENDAN RADKE“Mackay’s market started changing six months ago, Townsville’s started moving two months ago, now it’s our turn. These things I’ve noticed come up the coast.”The three Queenslander-style homes at 37, 39 and 41 Macnamara St are currently held by a Lakeland-based business.Mr Williamson said they could be bought separately or together, put on one title and the site developed into a unit block.More from newsCairns home ticks popular internet search terms2 days agoTen auction results from ‘active’ weekend in Cairns2 days ago“You can sell your average suburban house in Sydney, come to Cairns and buy three houses,” he said. Remax Cairns Principal Tony Williamson.“People need to buy now because the prices will start going up and then it takes off, it becomes a frenzy and people miss out. Don’t think in six months you should have bought something.”Both 37 and 41 Macnamara St are two-bedroom homes while 39 has three bedrooms. Together, the homes sit on 2022 sqm.More than a third of Manunda’s properties are detached houses and just under 20 per cent are owned outright.On average, two people live in each household in the ­suburb.last_img read more