“COPY” Year: ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/370193/sessa-residence-j-p-a Clipboard CopyHouses, Renovation•Los Angeles, United States Save this picture!© Taiyo Watanabe+ 20 Share Photographs: Taiyo Watanabe Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Photographs Houses Area: 2000 ft² Year Completion year of this architecture project ArchDaily Architects: J,P:A Area Area of this architecture project 2012 United States Sessa Residence / J,P:A Sessa Residence / J,P:ASave this projectSaveSessa Residence / J,P:A Projects Manufacturers: Carl Hansen, Herman Miller, KWC, LG Electronics, Artistic Freedom Designs, Heifetz, Ingebor Lundin, Knoll, Panton moonContractor:Fred DennisClient:Stephen Sessa, Sara SessaArchitect In Charge:Jones Partners: ArchitectureDesign Team:Wes Jones, Rachel Bitan, Matt Daines, Janiva Henry, Steven PurvisCity:Los AngelesCountry:United StatesMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Taiyo WatanabeRecommended ProductsWindowsSolarluxSliding Window – CeroWindowsJansenWindows – Janisol PrimoDoorsdormakabaEntrance Doors – Revolving Door 4000 SeriesDoorsVEKADoors – VEKAMOTION 82Text description provided by the architects. The clients approached J,P:A with a program that included the addition of another bedroom suite, thinking that it might be placed on top of the existing structure. J,P:A demurred, resisting the typical ambition to make something more of the program than the client requested, an alien gem to outshine the original. Instead, recognizing that lurking within an existing amalgam of fifty years of casual changes and accretions was a more perfect figure that would be ruined if yet something more were added on, J,P:A suggested making less.Save this picture!© Taiyo WatanabePart design and part archeology, this project is a demonstration of the positive virtue of restraint. The composite design process followed Michelangelo’s sculptural practice of “removing everything that was not it” and then adding in all that was necessary to make it be the best possible version of itself. In this case “it” was an iconic “tube” partis, hiding within an unremarkable contractor-designed box-on-stilts.Save this picture!© Taiyo WatanabeJ,P:A recognized that the existing house represented a mid-century diamond in the rough: a rare “tube” scheme, precursor to the popular contemporary “continuous surface” project type. As the first expression of the tectonic imperatives of the “continuous surface” idea, the tube embodies a distinctly modernist version of the “child’s drawing of the house,” replacing the rhetorical elements of the classical original with the topological/gaussian clarity of the machine for living. In this idealized distillation of the problem of dwelling, the envelope is seen as primarily separating inside from outside, rather than sheltering down from up. Here the Sessa Residence achieves the idealization of that ideal—since it is held up in the air and thus free of any association with the earth, the tube expression finds its apotheosis, with all sides equal: no difference between the ground plane and the roof, between the land and the sky. Open on the ends, it reasserts the most primal orientation to the connection between inside and outside—that of the cave mouth overlooking the savannah.Save this picture!© Taiyo WatanabeIn this version of the partis, though, a distinctly Southern California difference is registered between the two open ends: one looks back to the hillside, opening onto a shaded outdoor patio—the cave—that draws the free flowing interior spaces out to the balmy California climate, while the other end surveys the wide open vistas of Nichols Canyon and lights of downtown—the savannah beyond. Thus the interior itself is variously oriented: to a through-view experience, from the enclosed back patio areas, through the house and on to the distant lights of the city out beyond the canyon, or to the mood of the directly adjacent outdoors, visually present when the large sliding glass doors are closed, and actually there when they are opened.Save this picture!© Taiyo WatanabeJ,P:A proposed that instead of adding new space at this time, the effort should be focused on refining the existing structure, to make it more perfect in its own terms by revealing the hidden lines of that logic and helping them to their own fulfillment. So, excess partitions and a fireplace were scraped off the interior walls of the tube, punched windows in the open ends were replaced with full walls of sliding glass doors, a new period kitchen was installed and the roof and structure were replaced, this time free of dropped soffits. Finally, a new entry court was designed to allow the space to flow unimpeded through the tube to the outside and beyond while preserving privacy—always important when living in a glass house! The result is exemplary of the Case Study tradition and California lifestyle of indoor/outdoor living, a perfect frame for the client’s serious collection of postwar furniture and art. The originally-planned bedroom addition will be dealt with in a later phase, tucked beneath a future carport developed off to the side where it would not compromise the rehabilitated tube. The project as shown here depicts the perfection of those tube lines, prior to the addition of the new bedroom suite and carport.Save this picture!SectionProject gallerySee allShow lessLibeskind Selected to Design Ohio Statehouse Holocaust MemorialArticlesA Crash Course on Modern Architecture (Part 1)Architecture News Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/370193/sessa-residence-j-p-a Clipboard “COPY” CopyAbout this officeJ,P:AOfficeFollowProductsSteelConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesRefurbishmentRenovationLos AngelesRefurbishmentHousesUnited StatesPublished on May 08, 2013Cite: “Sessa Residence / J,P:A” 08 May 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
“When we finished after five days and 107 kilometres, it was total euphoria. Word had got out about the pop-up clinic in the village, and seeing the throngs of people being treated by doctors and nurses, was just fantastic.“I am thrilled to be invited to become an Ambassador for Sightsavers. I look forward to helping the charity raise awareness of the work I witnessed and in particular how little it can cost. For example £8 can pay for an operation for someone with the advanced stages of the blinding condition, trachoma. For less than a round of drinks down the pub, Sightsavers can restore someone’s sight! ”Ends/For further press information, photos or interviews, please contact Julie Jenner in the Sightsavers media team on 01444 446690, [email protected] For media enquiries out of hours, please call 07775 928253. Notes to editors/1. Ronni Ancona is a British actress, impressionist and author. Ancona won the Best TV Comedy Actress award at the 2003 British Comedy Awards for her work in Big Impression.2. Sightsavers was one of the charities to benefit from Red Nose Day 2011. A percentage of money raised went towards helping Sightsavers continue its vital work in developing countries and specifically towards developing its work in Marsabit, Kenya. This year, Comic Relief is focussing on eliminating Neglected Tropical Diseases, one of which is trachoma. Ronni met trachoma patients during her time in Kenya3. Sightsavers is a registered UK charity (Registered charity numbers 207544 and SC038110) that works in more than 30 developing countries to prevent blindness, restore sight and advocate for social inclusion and equal rights for people who are blind and visually impaired. www.sightsavers.org4. There are 45 million blind people in the world; 80% of all blindness can be prevented or cured.5. Every sixty seconds another child loses their sight; only 2% of children who are disabled in the developing world attend school6. In the six decades since its foundation, Sightsavers has:– Treated over 206.8 million people for blinding and potentially blinding conditions – Carried out over 7.1 million operations to restore sight – Trained almost 0.5 million primary eye care workers – Carried out rehabilitation training to 91,000 people. www.sightsavers.org Follow us on Twitter @Sightsavers Like us on FacebookSightsavers works with partners in the developing world to combat avoidable blindness. 115 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1 AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1 Ahead of International Women’s Day 2013 (Friday 8 March), comedienne and actress, Ronni Ancona has become Sightsavers newest Ambassador. Ronni has experienced first-hand the charity’s work preventing blindness and restoring sight in the deserts of Northern Kenya. Ronni first became involved with Sightsavers in February 2011 when she took part in the 100km BT Red Nose Desert Trek across Northern Kenya along with other celebrities, such as fellow ambassador, Lorraine Kelly and Olly Murs. During her time in Kenya, Ronni witnessed Sightsavers’ work in the area and helped to raise more than £1.3 million for the charity through Comic Relief.Ronni says: “During the trek we went into villages with people from Sightsavers and identified those who had extremely bad sight problems. Those in the area have appalling risks of blindness, mainly from trachoma and cataracts. Advertisement Ronni Ancona announced as Sightsavers ambassador About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Tagged with: Celebrity Howard Lake | 7 March 2013 | News
Ideas presented by the author in the forum “The situation of the Left in Latin America” organized by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation in Panama City on Aug. 25, translated into English by Michael Otto of Workers World. I. The crisis of capitalism has turned into a crisis of human civilization.Today, what happens in any single country in the world — and even less so in an entire continent like Latin America, nor the power relations between social classes and political parties — cannot be explained without first making clear the general context that frames the dynamics of all phenomena: the great crisis of the global capitalist system. It is so extensive and covers such diverse factors that it has been defined as a civilizational crisis or a crisis of human civilization.We are facing a deep economic crisis of overproduction (as Marx defined it); a huge social crisis of an increasingly unequal system; a humanitarian crisis whose antecedents can only be found in the 1930s and 1940s; an ecological crisis with catastrophic consequences; and a political crisis of increasing polarization. One could add a cultural and even a philosophical crisis.The enormity of the crisis gives the capitalist system a more aggressive, violent and anti-democratic character, as shown by the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Libya, Palestine, etc. But the crisis is also a sign of the weakness of the capitalist system, which — despite all its virulence — is unable to stabilize any situation. Nor can it deliver continuous defeats to maintain its domination without aftershocks. On the contrary, every action it takes generates an adverse response with greater impact.It is the implementation of the Hegelian law of the “cunning of reason,” which Nahuel Moreno called the “mad firefighter” — i.e., when at a historic moment the objective situation is ripe to advance in one direction, everything you do to avoid it will either fail or backfire.We are witnessing the fulfilment of the prophecy that Rosa Luxemburg raised 100 years ago: “Socialism or barbarism.” If we are unable to achieve the first one, humanity will regress to the second. Capitalism has failed. We must build a socialist alternative or human civilization may perish. The economic crisis of capitalism, a symptom of its insurmountable contradictions:The economic crisis persists, despite the fact that neoliberal globalization, which has guided the world for the past 30 years, achieved important victories for the capitalist system, including the capitalist restoration in China and the disappearance of the USSR; the commercial and financial openness for capital which moves freely; the extensive deregulation of labor and the imposition of higher rates of exploitation, low wages, precarious work and unemployment on the wage workers of the planet; massive privatization of state enterprises and services; and massive cuts in social spending; etc.Those huge blows to the victories won by the workers and peoples of the world produced only relative improvements and momentary capitalist growth and in the long run, have led to “Capitalism at a Dead End” (see book of that name by Fred Goldstein), with low growth, low consumption, almost no job creation and massive loss of worker’s purchasing power. It’s what Karl Marx called the “crisis of overproduction” — that is, people cannot consume what is produced, not because they don’t produce what they need, but because they have insufficient income.Economist Michael Roberts defines (the current stage of capitalism) as capitalism of “weak economic growth, high unemployment … falling income … low growth of productivity and very weak business investment.”  A profound social crisis that also hit the Northern metropolitan [imperialist] countries:The economic crisis is expressed in disastrous social consequences for a growing part of humanity that is mired in poverty, chronic unemployment, precarious labor and low wages, no social security, living in suburbs where insecurity prevails and the quality of public services is abysmal, or at best deficient.Only counting the countries of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), i.e., “developed countries,” more than 39 million people are unemployed and tens of millions more have precarious jobs with nonpermanent contracts, low wages, “mini-jobs,” etc. Unemployment particularly affects young people, where rates can reach 50 percent in Spain, for example. In the United States there are 50 million people living in poverty and tens of millions more who receive wages barely enough to survive miserably.According to ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin American Countries), “in Latin America the number of poor people increased by 7 million in 2015.” In total, 175 million people live in extreme poverty; 29 percent of Latin Americans live under precarious conditions.  A humanitarian catastrophe is hitting the world:At this moment, millions of refugees wander in search of a safe haven for themselves and their families. They are made up of those fleeing wars in the Middle East or Africa, where the great powers and their battle to control natural resources have reduced the refugees’ countries to ashes. By the millions they are fleeing countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America where there are no jobs and no future.Each month, tens of thousands of Africans risk death by drowning while crossing the Mediterranean Sea to find a less miserable life in Europe; or journey through the Amazon and Darién (Panama) forests, joining the pilgrimage of tens of thousands of Latin Americans to the United States in search of an impossible “dream.” In 2015 alone, a million people came on foot to the borders of Europe seeking asylum. That’s something not seen since World War I and World War II. The world capitalist system is leading to ecological chaos:Another element of the global crisis of capitalism is the ecological catastrophe, not only restricted to areas stricken by mining and industrial exploitation, but on a global scale, warming caused by the consumption of fossil fuels. Despite its increasingly obvious climatological effects, governments are not even meeting the minimum carbon dioxide reduction targets established at the Paris Conference of 2015. The crisis of the system is also manifested as growing political polarization:The crisis is also expressed in very acute symptoms ranging from increased political instability, with critical flashpoints in the Middle East and Africa, where civil wars and military interventions have become daily occurrences with no end in sight, to the subsequent humanitarian disaster of millions of refugees migrating to northern countries for shelter, food and work.There is a movement toward the extremes of the political spectrum of the electorate, which puts in crisis the traditional parties — both of the center right and of social democracy — which have been guarantors of stability for decades.In the 2016 election campaign in the United States, this crisis has been expressed in the candidacies of Donald Trump (the far right) and Bernie Sanders (for the left), which have shaken the traditional structures of the Republican and Democratic parties. In Europe, polarization has led to new anti-systemic movements, such as Syriza in Greece and Podemos in Spain, and to extreme neofascist and xenophobic right wing.Another manifestation of this process is the discrediting of the institutions of the European Union for much of the public, which constitutes a real threat of possible dissolution. The triumph of “Brexit” — the exit of Britain from the European Union — is the most obvious face of that reality. II. The crisis in Latin America and the ‘progressive’ governments is part of the crisis of the world capitalist system:What is the nature of the political crisis that we are experiencing in Latin America? Why is there talk about the “end of the progressive cycle”? Why are right-wing governments returning? Have all attempts at social change on this continent failed, just as earlier the Soviet Union collapsed? Does the crisis of progressive governments prove that the only possible system is neoliberal capitalism?These and other questions trouble the Latin American vanguard and deserve the most serious answers possible. Such answers cannot be based on denying that the crisis exists — in order to continue giving unconditional support and claiming that all criticism is “treason” and that only adulation of the leaders is acceptable.We should not proceed as if we have learned nothing from the bureaucratic degeneration of the Soviet Union during the rule of Josef Stalin, his personality cult and anti-democratic crushing of critical thinking. The Latin American economic crisis reveals the continuity of economies dependent on the mono-exporting of raw materials:In the Latin American example, the global economic crisis is expressed as a pronounced drop in the export prices of raw materials. (This is partly) explained by the slowdown in China’s economy, Latin America’s main customer, which has reduced the demand for industrial minerals, and also because Latin America suffers from the “foreign currency war” enforced by the U.S. in an attempt to shift its own crisis onto the so-called BRICS. [Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.]According to Augusto de la Torre, chief World Bank economist for Latin America: “Things are bad, in the fifth year of economic slowdown … and next year may also be one of recession.”  The cause of the Latin American recession is the fall in prices of raw materials. The most dramatic decline is the price of oil, which five years ago was trading above $100 a barrel and which this year stands at $41.De la Torre said that prices of mineral exports and Latin American agricultural products will drop by 5.1 percent in 2016. This, from the perspective of the World Bank, obliges Latin American governments to reduce consumption by cutting purchasing power by forcing a fall in real wages combined with austerity.It is evident that, after half a century of “developmental” political-economic orientations and a decade of progressive or populist governments, the essence of the economic structure of our Latin American countries and their role in the world capitalist system have not changed. We continue being, as we have been for 100 years, dependent capitalist countries with economies based on the export of one or two agricultural or mineral products.The World Bank official outlines the systematic capitalist response to the crisis: decrease of worker purchasing power — in other words, greater exploitation, impoverishment and social inequality. For this they need governments willing to apply more neoliberalism, that is, right-wing governments. The political crisis is a struggle for control of the national income:The political effect of this situation on our continent leads to the crisis or “end of the cycle” of the “populist and progressive” governments, which funded important social programs with the “boom” of the prices of raw material exports. The political crisis manifests itself as an intense dispute between the parties and social classes for control of the state apparatus.The system cuts off the possibility of governments seeking social equilibrium mediated by transfer programs (subsidies). The “medicine” is more austerity ordained by the command centers of capitalism. That is why it is impelled through all means, right wing governments capable of imposing it on the peoples.Although there may be “progressive” governments willing to apply the [austerity] adjustments, even if only partially, as happened with the Brazilian Workers Party (PT) which led to the erosion of the PT’s social base of support and facilitated the parliamentary coup against Dilma Rousseff, it is more efficient, however, for the system to operate with nakedly right-wing governments. In general terms, social democratic, progressives or populists governments always have the pressure of its internal and electoral bases that hinder the consistent application of neoliberal measures.Right-wing governments are more useful to the capitalist system in dealing with such crises. Consequently, the overthrow is driven from the centers of world economic power, toward right-wing or neoliberal governments, either through elections or through more or less concealed coups. Also within countries, the national bourgeoisies are less willing to share the profits from exports and national income with the working classes, so they fight for control of the state apparatus in order to use it for their benefit in the crisis.This is the political phenomenon that is occurring in Latin America. Its origin is the very same systemic crisis of capitalism.The electoral defeat of Peronism in Argentina, the growing instability in Venezuela and the intention of the opposition there to force the recall referendum, and the parliamentary coup against President Dilma Rousseff in Brazil are the clearest expressions of the political crisis and the class struggle for control of national income.Do not forget that these events have been preceded by coups against legitimately elected presidents, such as Aristide in Haiti, Zelaya in Honduras and Lugo in Paraguay.Other direct targets of the right-wing offensive are the international institutions such as ALBA [the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America], CELAC [the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States], Mercosur [the Southern Common Market] (and UNASUR [the Union of South American Nations]) founded or refounded under the leadership of Hugo Chávez, which sought to give a little more sovereignty and unity to Latin American nations confronting U.S. imperialism’s control.If during the 10 years of good export prices, the Latin American bourgeoisie took their slice and at the same time it was financed through the government social programs of ”transfers,” now these programs have to be cut and someone has to lose. The bourgeoisie is not willing to give up its piece.Therefore, we see the imposition of right-wing governments is accompanied by strong neoliberal measures, cuts in social spending and economic rights, as proved by the management of Mauricio Macri in Argentina and Michel Temer in Brazil. What has been the character of progressive or populist governments?Latin American progressive or populist governments have arisen from genuine popular revolutions that erupted back in the 1990s, after more than a decade of the application of tough plans of “structural adjustment” by oligarchic, neoliberal governments obedient to the dictates of the IMF and the World Bank. The superexploitation that subjugated the workers and brought misery and unemployment to millions of people, also gave rise to popular uprisings in some countries.The leadership of Hugo Chávez was born out of the dramatic events of the “Caracazo” [popular rebellion in Caracas] of 1989. Evo Morales’ leadership emerged from the struggle of the coca growers in defending their farms, and the “water war” against privatization. Rafael Correa’s emerged from similar social movements and political crises. The Kirchner government in Argentina is not understood without the explosion of 2000-2001 produced by “el corralito.” [popular rebellion after the Fernando de la Rua government restricted cash in Argentina]The 15 years of governments led by the Workers Party in Brazil are the product of a more moderate but steady rise of workers’ struggles, similar to the return to power in Nicaragua of the FSLN [the Sandinista National Liberation Front] and the victory of the FMLN [the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front] in El Salvador.The character of these popular processes was essentially popular, anti-neoliberal and democratic. These processes have been channeled through elections, in a manner that has not transcended, thus far, the borders of bourgeois democracy and capitalist property. Contrary to the revolutions that occurred in the 20th century, from the Russian to the Cuban, which rapidly expropriated their capitalist classes, Latin American populist processes of the early 21st century have remained within the boundaries of the system.The late President Hugo Chávez, who occupied the forefront of this continental process, had the merit of reviving the aspiration of the masses for a society without exploiters – socialism – at a defining moment in human history when the “Fall of the [Berlin] Wall,” and the disappearance of the USSR and the “market socialism” of China had been transformed into a political victory of neoliberal capitalism.In a decade at the beginning of the 21st century, when the anti-capitalist forces who gathered at the World Social Forum in Porto Alegre hardly dared to suggest that “another world is possible” beyond capitalist globalization, Hugo Chávez stood on his podium and clearly said that that possible world was the ”Socialism of the 21st Century.” Millions of people felt grounded in this slogan, which inspired their struggle. That’s one of the great contributions of Chávez to the class struggle at the turn of this century.However, “Socialism of the 21st Century” was a formulation that all understood as they wished: Some saw a continuity with Soviet socialism of the early 20th century, others saw a Latin American version of social democracy, others a critique of Stalinism. In any case, the fact is that (despite providing) a catchy political slogan, the Venezuelan political process, until today, has not exceeded the limits of capitalism, bourgeois democracy and capitalist private property.The country where the nationalization of enterprises advanced most was Venezuela. However, at no time did the weight of the nationalized economy ever surpass the private sector. And the nationalized companies have suffered mismanagement, internal labor conflicts and even, in some cases, corruption among managers. Banking and foreign trade have remained under the control of the big importing capitalists.In Venezuela, the state has controlled the currency, but the bourgeoisie has had the ability to use exchange controls and the underground dollar market to make off with a big part of the oil profits and reserves of the nation, siphoning off capital estimated at $300 billion to countries like Panama, draining part of the national wealth, even using it to sabotage the economy, hoard and promote political destabilization. Without the nationalization of the banks and the national financial system, without state control of foreign trade and without the nationalization of big industry — in other words, without basic, outright socialist measures, Latin American governments in general are within reach of the bourgeoisie, of imperialism and economic sabotage, as has repeatedly been shown in Venezuela.This contradiction explains Venezuela’s limitations and the difficulty in responding to the offensive of the domestic right wingers, who are supported by U.S. imperialism and encouraged by the large corporate media.Added to that are the reformist attitudes of many leaders of these progressive governments that are affected by a kind of “parliamentary feebleness” (Marx), who meekly submit to the formalities of bourgeois institutions, wanting to prove that they are good managers of capitalism. Above all, they fear to convene the masses to the streets. The performance of the leaders of the Brazilian Worker’s Party under the coup against Dilma is clear in this sense. Dilma’s government would have been defended better with a general strike than with charges against a corrupt Senate. Social programs and some nationalizations don’t add up to socialism:Some people have wrongly confused the social programs characteristic of this “progressive or populist decade” with socialism. Social programs, the “missions” or subsidies, are not measures of a socialist type, but are redistributive measures of a neo-Keynesian style, which have been financed by the positive numbers of the exports of raw materials, principally oil.It’s not the expropriation of the bourgeoisie that has funded these social programs. On the contrary, they have even been recommended by institutions of international credit (IMF, World Bank) to mitigate social unrest caused by the inequality that neoliberalism imposed. The capitalist financial institutions call them transfers and they have been executed even by right-wing governments, such as Ricardo Martinelli’s in Panama.Nationalizations in and of themselves are not genuine socialism, although they are largely progressive. If nationalizations become a purely bureaucratic function of the state in the framework of a market economy, especially if, in the end, they lead to a corrupt and inefficient administration by imposed managers, then what they have been transformed into is “state capitalism.”For the “state-ization” or nationalization of industry to acquire a socialist character, it must come from the authentic and independent mobilization of workers, workers’ control of factories and democratic mechanisms of people’s assemblies (soviets). Socialism is not an administrative measure, but a social relation, to paraphrase Marx.III. Latin America needs a new revolutionary waveConfronting the offensive of imperialist capitalism, which is closely bound up with the right wing and the national bourgeoisies, will require a turn in the class struggle that gets the working masses back on the offensive. Only revolutionary popular mobilization (without welfare-state electoral politics or class collaboration with the bourgeoisie) can make the difference in the correlation of forces.In fact, in many sectors of Latin America struggles have not stopped and continue, but they have not escalated to the level of the 1990s. To exceed the limits that the democratic and anti-neoliberal revolutions of the 1990s reached, new revolutions are required, the revolutions of the 21st century, which are already emerging in the current popular struggles, especially among anti-system youth who are fighting everywhere.The independent and revolutionary mobilization of the working masses and the people, their intensity and conscious maturation is an objective process, whose course and rhythms are difficult to predict and direct. Like wine, the working classes require time for maturation, to exhaust choices through experiences, to draw conclusions, to build new political leaderships, to decide courses of action.Successfully confronting the reactionary offensive will require new leaders who will have to avoid two political defects in vogue today: On the one hand, the opportunism of those who seek no more than to administer the capitalist system, without extending beyond the limits so far achieved; and sectarianism, which denies the concrete experiences of the people, because that doesn’t coincide with an imagined ideal, [which leads to] an inability to speak to the masses who have already mobilized under the political leadership of Chávez, Evo, Correa, Kirchner or Lula.It will demand new political leaders who are willing to take risks and bear the costs in confronting imperialist reaction, to defeat the reactionary offensive, combining the struggle for democratic and human rights, and anti-neoliberalism, with true socialist measures, such as genuine workers’ power by means of assemblies, nationalization of the banks, industry and foreign trade. Roberts, Michael. “The problems of the economies of the G 7.” Electronic journal Sin Permiso, 26.05.2016. www.sinpermiso.info ECLAC. “Latin America increased its poor by 7 million in 2015.” March 22, 2016 www.diariouno.com.ar United Nations. “Framework Convention on Climate Change.” Paris. 12 December 2015. unfccc.int/resource/docs/2015/cop21/spa/109s.pdf AFP. “The recession could be extended next year. WB calls for savings to Latin America.” La Prensa. Panama, July 28, 2016. Sutherland, Manuel. “2016: The worst of the economic and ruin chronicle of announced crisis, causes, measures.” Center for Research and Education Workers (CIFO). Caracas, February 16, 2016.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
SHARE The California Deep Freeze: Thankfully Local Farmers Purchased Crop Insurance Weeks before the Midwest, Northeast and South went through their historic early January deep freeze, the citrus industry in California’s San Joaquin Valley experienced a record early cold snap – weeks before Christmas – that had many of the state’s fruit and vegetable growers reeling. This was the longest cold spell California has had this early in the season in decades. The good news was the cold snap came and went in days. The bad news was that it wasn’t even the first day of winter yet.In the not-too-distant past, a freeze like this would have meant immediate and long-term economic devastation for the region’s economy. In 1990 and again in 1998 there were devastating freezes in the San Joaquin Valley that not only put local citrus growers on the brink of losing their farms, but also cost many of the area’s workers their jobs and caused local businesses to shutter their windows. Agriculture is the engine that drives the local economy, purchasing large amounts of goods, services and fuels. And when farmers catch a cold – as the saying goes – rural America catches pneumonia.In 2007, yet another devastating freeze hit the valley. But this time there was no widespread scare of farm foreclosures, no downturn in the local economy and no shuttering of windows. That’s because unlike the old days, California specialty crop farmers were protected by crop insurance policies, purchased with money out of their own back pockets.For the vast majority of California’s farmers who raise specialty crops – like citrus, almonds, grapes and stonefruit – crop insurance is the only tool available to help them recover from natural disasters. Crop insurance is a public-private partnership whereby farmers purchase policies that are sold by private crop insurance companies and partially discounted by the federal government.First and foremost, crop insurance puts risk management squarely in the hands of farmers, requiring them to purchase polices in order to enjoy the relative protection that crop insurance offers. California farmers have certainly embraced crop insurance, spending nearly $100 million out of their own pockets in 2012 to purchase policies. As Senate Agriculture Chairwoman Debbie Stabenow pointed out, when a farmer signs up for crop insurance, “the farmer gets a bill, not a check.”Since crop insurance is sold, managed and delivered by the private sector, when disaster strikes, indemnity checks usually arrive less than a month after the paperwork is completed. In the past, when farmers would rely on disaster assistance from the federal government, it took months, and more than a year in some cases, for those funds to finally reach the hands of the growers who had lost everything. For a grower whose entire citrus crop has just been frozen, a year can be about 11 months too long.Another aspect that sets crop insurance apart is that it is sold, and delivered by private sector crop insurance agents who can only differentiate themselves from other agents through the exceptional customer service they give to farmers. Talk to a popular crop insurance agent and you will find that when a freeze hits, they’re working 24/7 to help make sure the farmers who purchased policies are getting back on their feet.The growth of crop insurance from a policy that few farmers purchased a few decades ago to today’s policies which in 2013 protected 90 percent of planted cropland is a testament to the efficacy and affordability of the policies and the dedication and professionalism of the private sector crop insurance agents who sell and service the plans.Crop insurance is available for 128 different crops, and that list is expanding. In some ways, the abundance of America’s farm sector seems like a miracle, but it’s not. If it weren’t for hard work, investment, infrastructure and crop insurance to manage some of the major risks, there might be a lot fewer consumers enjoying America’s fresh fruits, nuts and vegetables.Certainly the growers of mandarins, oranges and lemons in the San Joaquin Valley were stressed out by the long and unusual freeze. But those who purchased crop insurance knew that when the sun rose the next day, they won’t be alone, as their crop insurance agent and participating company will be there to help get them back onto their feet.Laurie Langstraat is vice president of public relations for National Crop Insurance Services in Overland Park, Kansas. Previous articleTen Considerations: The Role of Crop Insurance in the Farm Safety NetNext articleCrop Insurance Is Critical to Michigan’s Specialty Crop Industry Hoosier Ag Today Home News Feed The California Deep Freeze: Thankfully Local Farmers Purchased Crop Insurance By Hoosier Ag Today – Jan 31, 2014 SHARE Facebook Twitter Facebook Twitter
ReddIt Twitter What we’re reading: Hamlin wins Daytona 500 Facebook ReddIt Twitter James Flowers Meachem’s track team preparing before their race. Photo by Meachem Middle School. James is a senior sports broadcasting major and journalism and history double minor from Midlothian, Virginia. He is an avid sports fan. College football, baseball and NASCAR are his favorite sports. His dream job is to work in a media and communications role at an SEC school. When not in class, you can find him reading the latest news on the Georgia Bulldogs, Richmond Spiders and St. Louis Cardinals! TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history James Flowershttps://www.tcu360.com/author/james-flowers/ + posts Linkedin Linkedin printMany local middle schools will be getting badly needed repairs to their outdoor tracks in hopes it will attract a greater use for the surrounding neighborhood.The Fort Worth School Board has approved a proposal to redo tracks at 17 area middle schools and the project is expected to cost $424,180.Students from FWISD middle schools line up to race during a track meet at Meacham Middle School. Photo via Meachem Middle SchoolThe project is forecasted to be completed by August 2019, given there are no setbacks due to weather.Each of the tracks were installed in 2008. The current conditions of every track vary at each school, but the current issues range from faded lines to missing surface materials, resulting in inoperable use. The proposed repairs are expected to extend the life of each track about five years.The project is part of the 2017 bond program, which will provide over $750 million for capital improvements across the district, according to a district news release. “The accompanying ‘Penny Swap’ election, also approved by voters, will afford the District an additional $23 million annually for life-cycle, maintenance and other items. Both propositions received resounding voter approval at 78 percent and 74 percent, respectively,” as stated in a report released by the Fort Worth ISD. Texas Sports Builders signed a contract on Dec. 6, 2018 to complete the restoration. According to the proposal, they will remove the existing surface and inspect the asphalt, prime the asphalt, install a black base mat and complete the re-striping of lane lines and numbers where necessary.“These tracks were built as a result of the 2007 Capital Improvement Program,” Clint Bond, executive director of external and emergency communications for FWISD, wrote in an email. “They are approaching 12 years of use and exposure to the elements. These tracks were installed and expected to be used by not only students at the individual schools but also by members of the surrounding neighborhoods.”The following middle schools will be affected by the project: William James, Kirkpatrick, Meachem, J.P. Elder, Riverside, Meadowbrook, McClung, Handley, Jacquet, Leonard, Monning, Stripling, Wedgwood, Daggett, Forest Oak, Rosemont and McLean. World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution Previous articleNews Now 1/30/19Next articleWhat we’re reading: Record low temperatures seize mail deliveries James Flowers RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Welcome TCU Class of 2025 Facebook
Education Three Pasadena High School Alumnus Presented with $1,000 College Scholarships From STAFF REPORTS Published on Thursday, January 9, 2014 | 4:47 pm Make a comment faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,PCC – EducationVirtual Schools PasadenaDarrell Done EducationHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Community News Subscribe Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website More Cool Stuff EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS COPA President Darlene Leyba (right) readies to present the checks to the recipients.Three Pasadena high school alumnus were each presented with $1,000 college scholarships courtesy of a local organization dedicated to empower Latinas.Founded in 1981, the Community Organization of Pasadena for Advancement in Education (COPA) started awarding money to female high school seniors of Mexican descent with good academic standing and community service.This year’s recipients were Ivett Gonzalez, a graduate of Pasadena High School who now attends Mt. San Antonio College, Kelly Mendoza of John Muir High School who now goes to Cal State Northridge University and Adriana Navarrete, a graduate of Marshall Fundamental High School who’s in her first year at Cal State LA.“The overall is to assist younger women in their education and for them to pursue their dreams and make it a little easier for them monetarily and hopefully they’ll return to the community and become a member of COPA,” said COPA secretary Angie Gomez.For more information, visit www.copapasadena.org. Community News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * HerbeautyHe Is Totally In Love With You If He Does These 7 ThingsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty10 Reasons Why Selena Gomez Has Billions Of FansHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou Can’t Go Past Our Healthy Quick RecipesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThe Most Heartwarming Moments Between Father And DaughterHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyInstall These Measures To Keep Your Household Safe From Covid19HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Of The Best Family Friendly Dog BreedsHerbeautyHerbeauty 2 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Business News Top of the News Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. First Heatwave Expected Next Week Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday
Print THE coming together of City and County Council’s into a joint local authority will spark much debate in the coming months, and even if there was a touch of anti-climax at City Hall on this Tuesday, the overall consensus is that Minister Phil Hogan’s decision is likely to result in Limerick taking on an exciting new dimension.City manager, Tom Mackey, told a meeting that he is awaiting comprehensive information to enable him fully brief the councillors and administrative staff in City Hall.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up He has called a special meeting for Monday next.Newly elected mayor, Jim Long, told the Limerick Post:“We didn’t get what we wanted but the city council’s role in the new single authority will have the greater force.“I also welcome the fact that the mayoralty will be for five years and that there will be a reduction in the rate base in the city. However, there will be a loss of jobs involved – in the administration departments and a drop in senior administrative staff”.Cllr Gerry McLoughlin, Lab, said:“This will bring the rates down, which will be welcomed – we have to be pragmatic about this.”Party colleague, Cllr Joe Leddin, suggested that in advance of the merger, both councils must immediately begin the process of working together to agree an overall vision for the development of the city.“We must move quickly to establish a joint working committee to prepare an overall plan for the city – while it may take a few years to complete a financial contribution from the county council to the city, in the meantime there must be an immediate reduction in the commercial rates for the city.Former mayor, Cllr Maria Byrne, welcomed the Minister’s accession to bring the suburbs into the city administrative area.“This will allow for far better planning and development and the entire region will reap the benefit. “Castletroy, Dooradoyle and Raheen, will now be included in the city area, which will create a viable urban area with a population of about 110,000 and an authority of 184,000, which will lead to much greater efficiency in providing services, and the University of Limerick will also come into the city area”.Querying the promise of significant savings achieved through the merger, Cllr John Gilligan, said: “There will still be two council buildings with two environment departments and while there can be savings in say, bulk buying and the purchase of equipment, there’s no justification for the minister’s claim that there will be an annual saving of €15million”.Dismissing the move as “regressive,” Cllr Maurice Quinlivan, claimed there had been no demand for a single local authority.“Limerick will be unique in Ireland, with just one local authority”.Meanwhile, Deputy Patrick O’Donovan, Newcastle West, sees the change as positive.“It will benefit city and county as it makes economic sense and will ultimately serve the people more efficiently than two separate authorities”.Limerick Chamber of Commerce has also welcomed the decision, as has Kieran O’Donnell, TD.. Email Advertisement NewsLocal NewsUnited they stand!By admin – June 30, 2011 424 Facebook WhatsApp Linkedin Twitter Previous articleRates strangling business communityNext articleAthea Road Races marks 10th year admin
Facebook Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programme By News Highland – July 23, 2020 Homepage BannerNews News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th WhatsApp Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA Google+ RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Previous articleStaycations has led to surge in motorhome sales in DonegalNext articleDerry City v Celtic friendly off News Highland Facebook Pinterest Pinterest WhatsApp Man dies in early morning crash in Derry Google+ Twitter Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Community Enhancement Programme open for applications Twitter A man has died following an early morning crash in Derry.The one vehicle collision occurred just before 5:50am on the Rock Road.The man, who was the sole occupant of the vehicle was taken to hospital where he was pronounced dead.Inspector Rory Bradley is appealing to anyone who witnessed the collision, or anyone who captured it on their dash cam, to contact police on 101, and quote reference number 218 of 23/07/20.The Northland Road remains closed at this time.