Brand South Africa CEO Miller Matola told conference delegates that improved competitiveness would help the country achieve the National Development Plan. (Image: Ben Alexander) MEDIA CONTACTS • Dr Petrus de Kock Research ManagerBrand South Africa +27 11 712 5000 RELATED ARTICLES • Take action for competitiveness • National Development Plan to grow jobs • SA is ‘Country of the Future’ • African integration on Brics agendaLucille DavieAt a South African Competitiveness Forum discussion this week, delegates agreed that to make the country more competitive, it needs to market its pockets of excellence with more vigour.The forum, organised by Brand South Africa, was held in Midrand, Johannesburg, on Tuesday, 5 November. Some 200 representatives from government, business, labour, civil society and academia came together to discuss the country’s global competitiveness and exchange ideas on how to improve it.Five discussion groups tackled: education; skills and labour; infrastructure; foreign direct investment competitiveness; manufacturing and related services, and governance and leadership.Improved competitivenessKeynote speaker Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe said: “If we are to be competitive we must have in place sound economic policies; cultivate a favourable legal and business environment; roll out socio-economic infrastructure; constantly improve our trade and industrial policies and lower the cost of doing business.”While admitting that South Africa had made good strides to position the country as a stable democracy with “the necessary institutions and mechanisms for providing an attractive and friendly investor environment”, he said the country had “fallen short of the development trajectory necessary to place us on par with many of our competitors”.“As such, the sheer amount of work that still needs to be done requires that we – as government, business, labour and other social partners – continue to work together to address the challenges we face.”Some of those challenges are “high rates of inequality, poverty and unemployment, especially amongst young people who constitute the majority of our population”.Brand South Africa CEO Miller Matola said: “Improved competitiveness will go a long way to help us achieve the National Development Plan.”The National Development Plan is government’s 2030 plan to stimulate growth, reduce unemployment and poverty, and narrow the inequality gaps still prevalent in the country.Pockets of excellenceIn the manufacturing and related services discussion, it was agreed that one pocket of excellence is the mining sector, where South Africa has been a leader in innovation and deep level mining. The country’s motor industry is also one of its most successful, bringing skills into the country.Manufacturing and mining’s contribution to gross domestic product (GDP) is 23%, down from 38% in 1986, according to Colin Coleman, South African head for investment management firm Goldman Sachs. The firm released its Two decades of freedom: A 20-year review of South Africa report this week.South Africa’s GDP almost tripled over the 20-year period, from $136-billion to$385-billion. Inflation fell from a 1994 figure of 14% to 6% in 2012. Around 10 million people joined the middle classes, boosting tax revenues from R114-billion to R814-billion. To ease the burden of the poor, 16 million people receive social grants.On the downside, unemployment sits at 25%, about the same as 1994. Of those, 70% are young people aged between 15 and 34 years. The current account deficit is at 6.5%, higher than other developing countries. The ratio of household debt to disposable income rose from 57% in 1994 to 76% in 2013.Xolani Qubeka, CEO of the Black Business Council, said that those economies with a strong manufacturing sector experienced high growth.ConclusionsIn the manufacturing and related services discussion, several conclusions were reached to help the country achieve greater competitiveness:• South Africans should stop buying foreign products, and instead switch to buying local products.• The country needs to boost exports, and work on import replacement.• Create a culture of beneficiation, particularly in industries such as minerals (gold and diamonds).• South Africa needs more talent-driven innovation.• Shorten the decision-making process within government, to act quickly to secure deals and trade.• Instead of waiting for strikes each year, business and labour should pre-empt them. Furthermore, labour and business should get together and approach government, to work together as partners.• To encourage innovation, South Africans need to become very demanding customers.• South Africans need to put pressure on state-owned enterprises to innovate. For example, to build rail locomotives.• The country needs to consider whether its export culture is buoyant enough, with the correct markets having been identified.• When government signs procurement orders, it should specify more local content.• The rail network should be prioritised and brought up to standard.• South Africa needs to figure out a way to sell itself to Africa.• The country needs to have an integrated approach to manufacturing, for example, have the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research work more closely with industry.• South Africans need to relook the relationship between SMMEs and large corporates and see where there could be more co-operation.• The country should not allow competitors like China to undercut its manufacturing by copying an idea, then selling it in the local market for half the price.• Retired professionals, like engineers, should train and nurture young professionals.• Don’t compete with giants like South Korea; do what the country is good at.• Set up a strategy for trade with Africa, to increase the country’s visibility across Africa. Trade fairs and trade desks should be set up to encourage trade. Africa is a huge market for our products.• Become a niche manufacturer.• Create opportunities to attract and retain talent. Diversification is essential.• Develop a “can do” approach. South Africans must feel this is the land of opportunity.• Execute the ideas South Africans have. The country is not short on them.• Grow a strong domestic market.• Integrate with the rest of Africa to offer strong competition to China and India. And facilitate trade and travel between African countries, with perhaps a single visa.“Our competitiveness ranking on global indices shows that we have become less competitive as a country. Global competition is at an all-time high and we need to up our game and become more competitive if we wish to continue being relevant in this global economy,” said Karthi Pillay, director at Deloitte Risk Advisory, and a leader in the manufacturing industry.“The SA Competitiveness Forum, led by Brand South Africa, is a get-together of key minds in the country focussing on competitiveness issues to improving our global reputation and influx of foreign investment. As a firm that is seriously focused on assisting to improve the competitiveness of our country, Deloitte welcomes the opportunity to contribute and engage in conversation to achieve actionable outcomes.”
Start Free Trial Already a member? Log in Recently I decided to research heat transfer during turkey roasting. It turns out that this issue has been extensively studied by physicists and engineers.As with houses, there are two basic camps: those who use computer modeling and those who make measurements. Some researchers feel more comfortable at a desk with a laptop; others feel more comfortable in a kitchen with a thermometer.I wasn’t able to review all of the relevant literature. For example, I didn’t read the 1998 paper by H.C. Chang, J.A. Carpenter, and R.T. Toledo, “Modeling Heat Transfer During Oven Roasting of Unstuffed Turkeys,” because I’m too cheap. (You have to pay a fee to Wiley Publishers to download the article.)According to the abstract, “A finite element method was used to solve the unsteady state heat transfer equations for heating of turkeys in a conventional electric oven.”My inability to read this paper doesn’t bother me too much, however, since I’m more interested in measured data than computer modeling.[Author’s postscript: A GBA reader named David Fay kindly e-mailed me the paper by Chang, Carpenter, and Toledo. The researchers wrote that “Simulation results revealed that increasing oven temperature reduced baking time but resulted in breast temperature reaching the designated endpoint much earlier than what would be required for thigh joint temperature to reach the endpoint.” One of the researchers’ notable achievements was the development of the turkey brick and the turkey cylinder. They wrote, “Intact turkey muscles were made into 10.2 Ã— 7.6 Ã— 2.54 cm brick-shaped samples. The simple geometry simplified calculations of the surface heat transfer coefficient. … Turkey breasts were cored into cylindrical samples 2.54 cm dia. Ã— 15 cm. The thermal conductivity probe was inserted into the center of the sample.”]Researchers who make measurements assume that a turkey is shaped like… This article is only available to GBA Prime Members Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details.